The selected area is the Chiese River basin (Northern Italy), which includes the Lake Idro and the Chiese irrigation consortium (20’000 ha) in Lombardy region. A farm is selected for water and energy fluxes monitoring and modelling. The knowledge in real time of lake downstream actual and forecasted irrigation water needs supports end users at different levels:
Water is supplied from the Chiese river through a dense channels network with a distribution rule based on planned fix water allotments determined in advance. The farm irrigation turn is every 6-8 days and irrigation is by flooding.
The farm produces maize for grain production and also biofuel.
Meteorological data from the regional network, hydrological stations, eddy covariance station in one field (soil moisture, evapotranspiration), irrigation volumes and schedules, satellite data in the visible and thermal infrared, soil type, land use.